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Pollution of aquatic environment due to different heavy metals has become a global concern, raising health-related issues for humans, as well as aquatic flora and fauna. Many agricultural and industrial effluents are directly discharged into the rivers without any treatment. They deposit heavy metals in the sediments, water, and aquatic organisms. Keeping this environmental context in mind, the main goal of this study was to scrutinize the level of aluminium (Al) in water, sediments, and three fish species (Labeo rohita, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix, and Oreochromis niloticus). These samples were collected monthly from Sulemanki Headworks, River Sutlej, Punjab, Pakistan, from January to March in the year 2019. Water and sediment samples were collected from substations (upstream and downstream). Results demonstrated that the highest aluminium concentration was observed in upstream water and sediment samples (223.83±3.45mg·L-1 and 417.25±3.59µg·g-1) than in downstream samples (222.87±3.44mg·L-1 and 416.31±3.65µg·g-1). Among all fish organs, the liver had the highest accumulation of Al compared to muscle and gills. The order of accumulation in Labeo rohita was liver > gills > muscle, in Hypophthalmichthys molitrix the order was liver > gills > muscle, and in the Oreochromis niloticus, the order was liver > muscle > gills. This study suggests that River Sutlej should be properly monitored to safeguard water quality and protect aquatic life, ensuring the river's long-term health.


Aquatic environment Downstream Effluents Health Heavy metals

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CHAUDHARY, A. (2023). Study on Aluminium (Al) bioaccumulation in water, sediment, and fishes (Labeo rohita, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix, and Oreochromis niloticus) collected from River Sutlej, Pakistan. Iranian Journal of Ichthyology, 10(2), 93–101.


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