A note on Clupisoma garua (Hamilton, 1822), a freshwater catfish of Indian subcontinent (Teleostei: Siluriformes)

Sandipan GUPTA, Samir BANERJEE


Clupisoma garua is a catfish species which is widely distributed in different countries of Indian subcontinent. It is a popular food fish as having good taste and very less intramuscular bones in its flesh. It is also a popular game fish in India and recently has also made its entry in ornamental fish markets of India. Though C. garua has been documented as vulnerable in India and critically endangered in Bangladesh; due to its abundance and wide spread nature it has been assessed as Least Concern under IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The present report has been prepared to sum up the available information on different aspects of C. garua along with noting down the some possible measures that should be taken into consideration for its conservation. 


Conservation, Diversity, Overfishing, Threats.

Full Text:



Agarwal, V.P. & Tyagi, A.P. 1969. Food and feeding habits and the alimentary canal of freshwater fishes of Muzzaffarnagar. Agra University Journal of Research (Science) 18(1): 15-28.

Bhuiyan, A.L. 1964. Fishes of Dacca. Asiatic Society of Pakistan. Pub. 1, No. 13, Dacca.

CAMP. 1998. Conservation assessment and management plan for freshwater fishes of India. Workshop Report. Molur, S. & Walker, S. (eds.). Zoo Outreach Organization, Coimbatore/CBGS and NBFGR, Lucknow, India. pp: 1-158.

Chondar, S.L. 1999. Biology of Finfish and Shellfish. SCSC Publishers, India.

Day, F. 1878. The fishes of India being a natural history of the fishes known to inhabit the seas and fresh waters of India, Burma and Ceylon. William Dowson and Sons, London.

Eschmeyer, W.N. & Fong, J.D. SPECIES BY FAMILY/SUBFAMILY. (http://researcharchive .calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/SpeciesByFamily.asp). Electronic version accessed 30.06. 2016.

Gopalakrishnan, V. 1971. The biology of the Hooghly-Matlah estuarine system (West Bengal, India) with special reference to its fisheries. Journal of Marine Biological Association of India 13(2): 182-194.

Gupta, S. & Banerjee, S. 2014. Indigenous ornamental fish trade of West Bengal. Narendra Publishing House, New Delhi.

Hamilton-Buchanan, F. 1822. An Account of the Fishes of River Ganges and its Branches. Archibald Constable and Company, Edinburg.

Hora, S.L. 1937. The game fishes of India. III “garua bachcha or gaurchcha”, Clupisoma garua (Hamilton) and two allied species. Journal of Bombay Natural History Society 39(4): 659-678.

IUCN Bangladesh. 2000. Red book of threatened fishes of Bangladesh, IUCN- the World Conservation Union.

IUCN 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016.1. . Electronic version accessed 30/06/2016.

Jafri, A.K.; Khawaja, D.K. & Qasim, S.Z. 1964. Studies on the biochemical composition of some freshwater fishes. I Muscle. Fisheries Technology 1(2): 148-157.

Jayaram, K.C. 1981. The freshwater fishes of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Burma and Sri Lanka - a handbook. Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta.

Job, T.J.; David, A. & Das, K.N. 1955. Fish and fisheries of the Mahanadi in relation to the Hirakund dam. Indian Journal of Fisheries 2(1): 1-40.

Karamchandani, S.J. 1957. On the occurrence of associates of carp fry in the fry-collection nets and the destructive role played by predatory fish. Indian Journal of Fisheries 4(1): 47-61.

Khan, H. 1934. Habits and habitats of food fishes of the Punjab. Journal of Bombay Natural History Society 37(3): 655-668.

Khan, R.A. 1972. Studies on the biology of some important major carps. D.Phil. Thesis. Department of Zoology, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, U.P., India.

Mishra, K.S. 1959. An aid to the identification of the common commercial fishes of India and Pakistan. Records of Indian Museum 57(1-4): 1-320.

Mishra, S.S.; Acherjee, S.K. & Chakraborty, S.K. 2009. Development of tools for assessing conservation categories of siluroid fishes of fresh water and brackish water wetlands of South West Bengal, India. Environmental Biology of Fishes 84(4): 395-407.

Ng, H.H. 2010. Clupisoma garua. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T166588A6241893. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-4.RLTS .T166588A6241893.en.Downloaded on 30 June 2016.

Patra, M.K.; Acharjee, S.K. & Chakraborty, S.K. 2005. Conservation categories of siluroid fishes in North-East Sundarbans, India. Biodiversity and Conservation 14: 1863-1876.

Talwar, P.K. & Jhingran, A.G. 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. Vol-1 and Vol-2. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi, Bombay and Calcutta.

Tandon, K.K.; Johal, M.S. & Dhawan, S.K. 1977. Food and feeding habits of some fishes of the Punjab. Punjab Fisheries Bulletin 1(4): 3-13.


  • There are currently no refbacks.