Re-sighting Egyptian Vulture, Neophron percnopterus, (Linnaeus, 1758) with raptors survey at East Al- Hammar marshes and Abo Al-Khaseeb, south of Iraq

Mufid kassim ABOU-TURAB, Husham Khirullah ABDUZAHRA, Adil FADHIL ABBAS

Abstract

Birds of prey play a vital ecological role in maintaining the ecological system. To evaluate the importance of Iraqi habitat for raptor as breeding or migrating sites, this study was aimed to survey the raptors in two ecologically different habitat, including East Al-Hammar marshes and Abo Al-Khaseeb in North and South of Basrah Province, Iraq. The most significant finding in this study was re-observing the Egyptian vulture, Neophron percnopterus in both studying areas. The results showed the presence of 13 species of raptors. Five out 13 species were classified by International Union for Conservation Nature (IUCN) under different threatened categories, viz. Circus aeruginosus and Aquila nipalensis are classified as endangered species, Clanga clanga and Aquila heliacal as vulnerable species, and C. macrourus as neat threatened species. Additionally, East Al-Hammar showed more diversity of raptors than Abo Al-Khaseeb. In conclusion, the different habitats in Iraq showed to have a fundamental role for various bird species. More investigations are required to evaluate the habitat for this group of birds.

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References

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